Plaza de Cataluña in Barcelona is one of the most visited tourist spots of the city. It is considered as the heart of Barcelona and the bond between the old city and Eixample district. This is a very typical and unique square surrounded by shops, restaurants, bars, souvenir stores, hotels, banks, fast food, in addition you can also find the big department store "El Corte Ingles" and the modern shopping mall ¨El Triangle¨ where you have almost all the brands of clothing, accessories or technology . The visitors here will enjoy plenty of atmosphere, it is always alive, crowded with people from all over the word feeding the pigeons that roam the square and come with confidence to the people that open the hand with a few crumbs of bread.
Plaza de Cataluña is the perfect starting point of sightseeing around lovely Barcelona, from here leave some of the most important streets of the city, Las Ramblas, Paseo de Gracia, Rambla Cataluña, Ronda Universitat, or commercial streets Portal del Angel and pelayo.
The current Plaza de Cataluña was opened in 1927. It covers the area of 5hectares. In the past the big outdoor markets were located here, in 1892 according to the decision of the City Council the land was expropriated, houses and nearby buildings demolished in order to develop the area and transform it into what today is. The ground is a nice mosaic of the beginnings of the nineteenth century; the fountains give it the freshness and small arbors with flowers and plants decorate it properly. Plaza de Cataluña was being renovated in 2008, at which the mosaics were improved in the same center and access ramps were added for the convenience of the general public. In Plaza Cataluña are held public events, concerts, popular celebrations, exhibitions and other cultural and leisure activities. In addition it is considered as public open air art museum due to the fact that it contains numerous sculptures by famous artists: Pastor, Pablo Gargallo, Josep Llimona, Enrique Casanovas and others. The most iconic monument is the Goddess by Josep Clara, dedicated to the president of Cataluña Francesc Macià. It was sculpted from white marble in 1928.
Plaza de Cataluña is the transportation center of the city of Barcelona. There is one of the biggest exchanger stops of the underground system (TMB Barcelona Metropolitan Transport), where different lines are crossed and numerous buses stops over la plaza, both day and night buses. Train RENFE (Spanish National Railways) and the Railways of Catalonia also have their stations in Plaza de Cataluña. The aero bus, which connects the airport El Prat to the city, has its first stop here, just in front of ¨El Corte Inglés¨.